According to the forecasts of Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Commission the European Union (EU) wine production of 2015 is expected to be increased by 2.7%, compared to both the 2014-2015 production and the average of the last five years. In the 117th meeting of the Committee for the Common Organisation of Agricultural Markets, which took place in Brussels on September 23, was announced that this year’s wine production for the EU-28 will reach 170.8 million hectoliters (Mhl), compared to 166.232 Mhl in 2014.
Of this total, 163.8 Mhl for wines represent mainly the PDO and PGI (105.9 Mhl or 65%). It is confirmed that once again Italy is the head of European producers, and thus ranks first worldwide with an estimated total harvest at 50.369 Mhl, of which 1.5 Mhl grape juices and musts.
The Italian production jumped by 13% compared to last year and by 5% compared to the average of the last five years. Italy produces 61% of PDO and PGI wines.
France comes second with 46.45 Mhl, slightly decreased (-1%) compared to 2014, but increased by 2% in comparison with the average of the last five years. The production is mainly oriented to quality wines, 75% of wines are classified into PDO and PGI wines.
In Spain the production is expected at 42 Mhl, that is decreased by 5% compared to 2014 but stable compared to the average of the last five years. The latter, however, is distorted by the 2013’s record high harvest (53 Mhl) and the significant production of 2014 (44 Mhl). The volume of juices production in 2015 represents 5,4 Mhl. The share of PDO and PGI wines is less than the half of total production (48%).
The ranking of countries with smaller scale of wine production:
- Croatia: 943,000 hl [+12%/2014, -31% /average of 5 years (5yr avg)]
- Rep. Czech: 740,000 hl (+38%/2014, +46% /5yr avg)
- Slovenia: 847,000 hl (+21%/2014, + 13% /5yr avg)
- Slovakia: 360,000 hl (+26%/2014, + 18% /5yr avg)
In Greece, although this year’s production was disappointing, some of the best known Greek wines such as Santorini, Samos and Limnos (from regions where the harvest has been completed) have an excellent quality. According to Agrotypos’ reportage, especially in Santorini despite the fact that the production was reduced, the quality of wine is excellent. This has an impact on prices too, which are on an average of more than 2.70 euros per kilo (last year was 1.90 euros per kilo). There is also positive result for the known wines of Samos and Limnos. Especially in Limnos the production was doubled compared to last year (in contrast with the rest of Greece), and the prices are increased too. According to data of the Greek Ministry of Agriculture for the period 2015/2016, this year’s production is the smallest since 1990, although such a low production has not been recorded also before 1990. May this year’s assessment is reduced by 5.36% than last year, but it is 12.28% less than the average of the last five years and 30.51% less than the average of the last decade.